When measuring the quality and value of a diamond, the 4C's are common analyzed components. The Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat weight are not only referenced when shopping for a diamond, but they are routine measurements of quality and value. Many people wonder what is the most important detail, what factor determines the brightness and the eye-catching appeal of a diamond? Most jewelers would agree it's the cut. When faced with the dilemma of compromising certain characteristics, never think of compromising the cut. It not only determines the gem quality and look, but it is intrinsically involved in value and price as well.
Just as the body comes in different shapes and sizes, the same holds true for your diamond. Every diamond is precious in it's own right, yet an ideal cut has the angles and proportions that give all the elements of balance, symmetry and illumination. Marcel Tolkowski, an early 1900's mathematician, established the fundamental standards for the "ideal cut". Although today the consensus is usually that bigger is better, with 53% of the girdle diameter increased, Tolkowski's standard still remains an absolute truth. In order to achieve an ideal cut, every aspect of the diamond must be engineered at the exact geometric angles and proportions to create a balance between maximum brilliance (light propelled) and dispersion or "fire" (light separated into spectrums). This ultimate reflection and refraction comes with a price. In order to obtain such superior illumination and eye-catching radiance, a cutter must be willing to sacrifice pricey materials, loosing carat weight and size, to gain proportioned lines, ideal symmetry, and a balanced package.
Typically diamonds are cut for size therefore often neglecting precision, percentages and details of the cut. Less than 1% of diamonds are cut to ideal proportions because true and present beauty is overlooked for sheer mass. Larger diamonds are often produced cheaper, faster, and lacking in luster, life, and brilliance. Ideal cuts may be more expensive; yet such appealing dimensions and innate radiance not only can turn heads, but they signify the ideal perfection of the stone. They appeal to a unique customer who wants to incorporate detail, excellence, and undeniable quality in their diamond choice.
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